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Mugan is amongst the most exciting, ancient and rich Azerbaijani regions, characterized by unique beauty, incomparable colors and aromas. In summer, when from the mountain drain melted snow waters, the plains heated of the hot sun and summer pastures flash of a variety of colors, Mugan smells of freshly baked bread.
With this region are related many different stories as it is the land where passed the Silk Road. Lengthwise the banks of the Kura is the line of forests, which locals call the secret forests. Autumn nature blazing of bright colors of leaves of elms, willows, poplars, oaks, olive trees and wild roses.
The region includes the Hajigabul, Sabirabad, Saatli, Imishli, Beylagan.
Saatli is disposed in the midst of Mugan plain on the banks of the Araz and is characterized by a mild climate. Nearby of Saatli there is a lake Sarysu, where is an abundance of fish.
Saatli was established at the end of the 14th centenary, but later, in the 15th century, the major part of the population living in the estuary of the Arax began to move to the neighboring area. Primordial Saatli tribe originates from ethnic tribe of Turks who lived in the territory of Agribad since ancient times.
Natural and climatic conditions from old times favored the resettlement of people along the river Araz. The archaeological monuments of Saatli have been found in these places and represent the ancient settlements and cemeteries.
Mugan fertile land with the waters of the river Araz create wonderful conditions for development of agriculture, in particular, cotton, fruits, vegetables and melons. Of the ancient crafts still practiced wood and metal carving. From the items made here especially prized are boxes, trunks and cots.
Hajigabul district, also placed in Mugan region, in the lowland of the Kura-Aras has the dry and warm climate, such as semi-desert. On the territory there is a lake Hajigabul formed during the retreat of the Caspian Sea and the periodic flooding of the river. Shallows and ponds are usually full of fish. The lake is an important site for wintering and migrating birds stop during migration because of its water does not freeze in the winter period. At certain times there can be allowed to practice hunting and fishing.
Hajigabul history begins in the ninth century and it placed on the way to Mecca and Medina, places of pilgrimage of Muslims. Pilgrims during their long journey stayed here. In the fifteenth century, on the site of today’s Hajigabul, near the lake, the Shah Abbas built the caravanserai .
During Shirvanshahs dynasty was founded the city of Mahmudabad, also on the way in which followed the caravans heading to the Persian Gulf.