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Agstafa is a municipality and the center of the same named region of Azerbaijan. It is disposed at the foot of the Great Caucasus, near the border with Georgia. The entire area is crossed by the Kura River, but also by its tributary Agstafa and other smaller rivers. Coastal areas are covered with abundant forests and was created for the protection purpose a National Reserve Gara-Yaz, near the town. The climate is moderate throughout the region.
Agstafa has a well developed system of public transport, as well as compounds of interregional and even international importance. So, for example, Kars-Tbilisi-Baku connects the town directly to Turkey and Georgia. Also, the it is amidst the main Azerbaijani rail lines of east-west. By means of rail transport are also carried out transportation of goods and commodities, such as oil and gravel.
By the numerous archaeological excavations confirmed the presence of an ancient civilization in the region. The tombs were found with all sorts of household items, jugs, sharp knives, axes and others. At Shomutepe were found two geological layers belonging to Neolithic and the late Bronze Age.
Also discovered that Agstafa was part of Caucasian Albania as two administrative units: Kambisena and Girdman. As suggested by historians, the territory of Girdman, being included in the area of Utica, it is today Gazakh, also located in Agstafa region. Also found that in ancient times there were cities Khalkhal and Hunan.
The moders city was founded in 1914, at the where abounds of the most significant railway junction. The railroad comes to Tbilisi in a straight line, and Georgia is detached from the town by the bridge Girmizi Agstafa-kerpu.
Agstafa is a tranquil and peaceful place in the center you can find a delightful park with restaurants, cafes and cinema. 20km from Agstafa, in a picturesque setting, nestled midst the mounts and forests, near the village of Tuttle is a famous mineral spring Galamja, where people come to drink water for health purposes.
The populace is mainly occupied in agriculture and livestock. Also observed the ancient traditions and the people have a great respect for the traditional crafts as carpet weaving, production of folk instruments.
As confirmed by the objects of archaeological finds, such as the remnants of raw bricks, hearths, ceramic plates, numerous tools of stone, volcanic glass, here since ancient times practiced various crafts. It was also found the migration of tribes from Mesopotamia to the north, around the end of the 5th millennium BC. Boyuk Kesik settlement shows that migrants from Mesopotamia settled here.