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This Azerbaijani city is placed on the littoral of the Caspian Sea, near the Iranian border, has a population of 83 thousand people. There are several versions about the origin of the name, which initially sounded like Langarkanan that in Persian means a place to anchor – Langar. Another version relates to the translation of a Talysh as cane home and sounds like Lan Karan. But there is an alternative explanation for the name of Lan (a) karan, that is the place where the border of Lan’s, which is probably one of the ancient Caspian tribes.
Lankaran itself is a region disposed in the lowland , stretching for tens of kilometers. Dense forests cover 29,000 hectares of the area. Wet subtropical climate characterized by severe and snowy winters. The forests of Talysh Mountains are famous for the abundance and variety of deciduous trees such as Azat, oak, eucalyptus, cork oak, birch Velvet, acacia and others. A giant trees of boxwood are considered real treasures of the local flora.
Also known Lankaran oak, belonging to the third generation of relict trees, reaching a height of 40-45 meters. Local forests are very rich in wild fruit trees, herbs and shrubs.
This area is ideal for all types of vacation, and in particular for therapeutic reasons. Along the coast are placed perfectly landscaped sandy beaches.
On the territory of the District is a National Park and Preserve.
The presence of hot springs, 12 km from Lankaran at the foot of the mount Talish, forests Ibadi, create excellent conditions for relaxation and wellness treatments.
This area is also linked to the legend of how a man named Ibadullah, who suffered a long time from a serious illness, settled here and soon recovered.
Therefore, a favorable geographical location, fertile soil and rich natural resources since ancient times attracted a lot of people. In fact, the first settlements were here since the Neolithic era.
But three hundred years ago, on the site of today’s town was a swamp, thickly covered with reeds. Initially, the fortress was built, which had the shape of an irregular quadrangle with two towers, which served as a lighthouse in those days, that later turned into the port, and then expanded as the city.
Today it is an important agricultural region of the country, where, thanks to the mild climate, sun and fertile soil, cultivated many cultures. But the main product and the most advanced and profitable is a tea, processed at local factories.
Also popular are the traditional crafts as carpet weaving, jewelry and woven cane.
Near the town of Lenkoran, you can visit the remains of the fortress Ballabur, which occupies about 15 hectares at an altitude of 1400 m. This fortress was a witness to many events of the early Middle Ages.